Animated drawings have evolved significantly since their inception. From the simple flipbook to sophisticated computer-generated imagery (CGI), this art form has grown to include a diverse range of techniques and styles.

Whether it’s the hand-drawn charm of traditional animation, the stylized and culturally rich anime, the depth and realism of 3D animation, or the tactile feel of stop motion, each type brings a unique flavor to storytelling.

Let's delve deeper into the rich history of animation, explore the various types of animations, and look at some of the main principles of quality animation

What are animated drawings?

Animated drawings are a fascinating blend of art and storytelling that brings illustrations to life. These drawings are a series of images—each slightly different from the last—that create the illusion of movement when played in sequence.

The beauty of animated drawings lies in their versatility and expressive power. The physical laws of the real world don’t constrain them, so you can let your imagination take the lead.

Every single drawing is a product of the persistence of vision, where the human eye and brain retain an image for a fraction of a second after it disappears. When drawings are shown rapidly one after another, our minds blend them together to create a continuous, moving picture.

Mr Bean cartoon
Mr Bean cartoon. Image source: Toonsmag

Animation software uses a variety of tools and features to help you create incredible animated drawings. These tools include:

  • Vision models
  • Automatic animation
  • Freehand drawings
  • Amateur drawings
  • Deep learning models
  • Real-world objects

Bring motion in-house

Animate marketing assets in seconds with Linearity Move.

Get started
Linearity
Linearity Linearity

History of animation

The history of animation storytelling dates back to the early forms of visual storytelling. It began with devices such as the phenakistoscope and zoetrope in the 19th century.

The phenakistoscope, invented by Joseph Plateau in 1832, consisted of a spinning disc with a series of images that created the illusion of motion when viewed through slits.

Phenakistoscope vs zoetrope vs praxinoscope
Image source: OpenNews

The zoetrope, developed by William Horner in 1834, allowed users to look through a rotating cylinder to see a sequence of images come to life.

Hand-drawn animation became the dominant form in the early 20th century with the work of pioneers like Walt Disney and Max Fleischer. Disney's creation of Mickey Mouse in 1928 revolutionized the industry and set the stage for the golden age of animation in the 1930s and 1940s.

Hand-drawn animation continued to evolve, with advancements like synchronized sound in the late 1920s and the introduction of Technicolor in the early 1930s.

Stop motion animation, where objects are physically manipulated to create movement, also gained popularity. This technique was used in films such as King Kong in 1933 and The Nightmare Before Christmas in 1993.

The late 20th century saw the introduction of computer-generated animation with films like Toy Story in 1995, which showcased the potential of this new medium. Computer-generated animation quickly became the norm, dominating the film industry and leading to the creation of companies like Pixar.

The impact of animation on entertainment and media can’t be overstated. Animated films and television shows have become mainstream entertainment for audiences of all ages.

Animated characters like Mickey Mouse and Bugs Bunny have become cultural icons, and animation has expanded to include video games, advertisements, and social media content.

Types of animations

Animation has evolved significantly in recent years, captivating millions of people worldwide with its variety of styles and forms.

Let's look at the main types of animations and how they have become a significant form of creativity in both entertainment and design.

Traditional animations

Traditional, or 2D animation, involves creating frames by hand, where each frame represents a small percentage of the entire image sequence. This time-honored technique requires immense skill in portraying the human form and its movements.

It's a form of creativity where the variance inherent in hand-drawn images adds unique charm and character.

Still from the animated movie Claus (2019)
Still from the animated movie Claus (2019). Image source: cgspectrum

The process of traditional animation typically begins with creating a storyboard, which outlines the sequence of scenes. This serves as a guide to ensure a coherent flow of the narrative.

Once the storyboard is approved, the animators begin drawing the individual frames by hand. Each frame captures a different stage of the movement or motion involved in the sequence.

These hand-drawn frames are then transferred onto specialized animation paper or cells, where they’re traced and colored. Once the frames are colored, they’re photographed or scanned and compiled to create the final animated sequence.

Throughout this process, the animators pay close attention to timing, spacing, and the overall movement of the characters or objects within the sequence. This attention to detail ensures that the animation appears fluid and realistic.

3D animation

In contrast, 3D animation uses sophisticated software to create lifelike, three-dimensional human-like figures and environments. This type of animation has revolutionized how we perceive animated characters, offering a digital interface for animators to manipulate the entire image in a virtual space.

Comparison between the 2D and 3D animated character of Belle in Beauty and the Beast (1991)
Comparison between the 2D and 3D animated character of Belle in Beauty and the Beast (1991). Image source: inspirationTUTS
3D animation is widely used in movies, video games, and animation packages for designers.

Another technique involves generating 3D model proxies for animation. This approach converts 2D images or drawings into simplified 3D objects, which can then be animated using 3D animation techniques.

This method allows for greater control and flexibility in the animation process.

Stop motion

Stop motion animation brings static objects to life frame by frame. This image processing method involves physically manipulating objects, capturing one frame, then moving them slightly, and capturing another.

This technique creates a unique form of animation, where each frame is an entire image on its own, contributing to the storyline.

Motion capture

Blending the human form with digital technology, motion capture (or mocap) involves recording the actions of human actors and using that information to animate digital character models in 2D or 3D animation.

Acclaimed motion capture actor TJ Storm as Godzilla (2014)
Acclaimed motion capture actor TJ Storm as Godzilla (2014). Image source: Befores & Afters

It's an effective way to create realistic human-like figures and movements, widely used in films and video games.

Online animation

With the advent of the internet, online animation has become increasingly popular. Online animation platforms offer a variety of animation styles, from simple 2D animation and motion capture to more complex 3D models.

These platforms provide animation packages and tools, making animation accessible to designers and hobbyists alike.

Bring motion in-house

Animate marketing assets in seconds with Linearity Move.

Get started
Linearity
Linearity Linearity

Anime

Originating from Japan, anime is a style of animation known for its vibrant art, fantastical themes, and whimsical characters. While anime can include various types of animation, it's particularly known for its distinct approach to the human form and storytelling.

Anime traces its roots back to the early 20th century, with the first anime films being produced in the 1910s. However, it wasn't until the 1960s that anime gained momentum with the success of series like Astro Boy and Speed Racer.

Since then, its popularity has continued to grow, captivating audiences across various age groups and cultures.

Anime has had a profound impact on popular culture globally, influencing various forms of media such as films, TV shows, and even fashion trends.

It has also played a role in shaping perceptions of Japanese culture, with many traditional and historical elements being incorporated into anime storylines and character designs.

Anime characters
Image source: Sportskeeda

Anime has been instrumental in promoting cultural exchange, with its themes and narratives resonating with audiences from diverse backgrounds.

Anime's distinct art style, characterized by large eyes, vibrant colors, and exaggerated features, sets it apart from other forms of animation. This artistic expression adds to the allure and appeal of anime, making it instantly recognizable.

Principles of animation

The key principles of animation are a set of guidelines developed by animators at Walt Disney Studios in the 1930s. They’re a framework to help animators create captivating and realistic animations.

These fundamental guidelines bring life to static images, making animations feel more realistic and engaging. It's essential for anyone involved in animation, from graphic designers to enthusiasts, and is integral to training in animation.

Let’s look at a few of these principles and why they work.

Anticipation

This principle involves preparing viewers for an action that is about to occur. It's crucial for adding realism, as in real life, most actions have a preparatory stage. This is where training in understanding body mechanics and joint location annotations becomes vital.

Staging

Staging refers to presenting an idea so that it's unmistakably clear. Whether it's a single image or a sequence, every pose or action should contribute to the central idea being conveyed, much like sketch-based articulated figure animation tools.

Slow in slow out

This principle is about the acceleration and deceleration of movement, making the action more natural. It’s a more technical approach to animation and one way designers use this technique is by adding or removing frames (like when an object accelerates or decelerates).

The concept of "slow in slow out" in animation refers to the principle of objects gradually accelerating and decelerating to achieve a more natural movement.

In hand-drawn animation (like animation for children), designers use this method to create a more visually appealing and realistic animation. In computerized animation, the method is used to create animation curves and keyframes in each animation step. 

Solid drawing

It emphasizes the importance of drawing with a sense of volume and weight. For designers using animation tools, understanding solid drawing is crucial for creating believable and moveable drawings, especially when dealing with abstract or in-the-wild drawings.

Timing

Timing is crucial for determining the speed of an action. In animation software, timing affects the fluidity of motion and is essential in tools like Linearity Move, where the intuitive interface allows for precise control over the motion interface.

💡
Learn more about Disney’s 12 principles of animation in our in-depth guide.

How to animate your drawings with Linearity Move

Animated drawings aren’t only a magical art form. They serve practical purposes in various domains, from entertainment and advertising to education and design.

Animation for designers: With tools like Linearity Move, designers can easily create animations with an intuitive interface. Whether it's static designs, bright color themes, or abstract objects, these tools offer robust capabilities for image translation and motion retargeting techniques.

Marketing and advertising: Animation is a powerful tool in digital marketing and advertising, offering a dynamic way to showcase products and ideas. The ability to manipulate domain images or use annotations for retargeting allows for creative and impactful advertising.

User interface software and technology: Animations enhance user interfaces by making them more interactive and engaging. The motion interface of Linearity Move, for example, can be used to create animations that guide users or provide feedback in an application.

Educational purposes: Animations are increasingly used in educational settings for their ability to explain complex concepts through engaging visuals. Using animation in course materials or as part of training sessions can enhance understanding and retention.

Entertainment industry: From hand-colored cartoon animations to modern 3D blockbusters, the entertainment industry thrives on the wonderful inventiveness of animators. 

Ready to animate your drawings?

With so many variants of animation available in the world of animated drawings, you can be as creative as your imagination allows.

As an illustrator, designer, or marketer, using animation software like Linearity Move empowers you to streamline your marketing design workflow.

With a user-friendly interface, Move supports a wide range of animation styles: from traditional 2D vector-based animation to more complex forms like few-shot keypoint character animation.

Some of the advanced tools you can look forward to include:

  • Easy import from Linearity Curve and other design software
  • One-click vector and raster graphics animations
  • Animated templates for a variety of applications
  • Timeline layers
  • Keyframes

Ready to try new and innovative marketing animation software?

Bring motion in-house

Animate marketing assets in seconds with Linearity Move.

Get started
Linearity
Linearity Linearity
What are animated drawings? History, types, and examples
What are animated drawings? History, types, and examples